Georgian style homes are grand and stately structures patterned after the English influences of the day. The style bridges the time period between Colonial era homes and Neoclassical homes, and is frequently categorized in either movement. Georgian homes are typified by their symmetry, and pay close attention to classical architectural elements.
- Originally concentrated on the eastern seaboard
Georgian homes are noted for their careful regard to symmetry. The rectangular structures most commonly have a centered front door with two windows evenly spaced in perfect symmetry on either side of the door. Second story symmetry is maintained both vertically and horizontally with the first level. Georgian homes are typically two to three stories.
Paneled entry doors in a Georgian home are centered along the front façade and are accented with classical architectural detailing. Transom lights are common above the door, and may even be included in the door itself. Decorative pilasters often flank either side of the door. Entries crowned with pedimented entablature are also common.
Porches can be present in a Georgian home, but do not typify the style.
Georgian architecture favored multi-paned, double hung windows like most homes from the same period. However, they could be distinguished by their symmetrical alignment relative to the other windows in the home as well as the use of thick wooden muntins between panes. Later, in the Federal home style, the muntins became much thinner. The windows on the top level were often set very close to the roof line and are known to even touch the cornices.
Siding materials for Georgian homes in the New England area typically consisted of clapboard walls over a wood frame, with stone or brick becoming more prominent the farther south you go.
Roof & Dormer
Roofs on Georgian homes were less steep than Colonial styles, having a medium pitch. Gabled roofs dominate the style. When present, dormers are often pedimented. A Georgian home usually includes cornices with dentil molding along the roofline, serving to accent the shallow overhang.
Ornamentation on a Georgian home relied on classical architecture for inspiration. Use of pilasters and pediments (especially around windows and doors), transom lights, and cornices help identify the style. Corner quoins are sometimes found with the style along with a belt course running horizontally the length of the home between stories. Paired chimneys oriented toward the interior are another indicative feature of the Georgian home.
Georgian homes typically run two rooms deep and utilize a central hall layout. These homes have high ceilings frequently over ten feet tall. Elaborate mantelpieces and other decorative carvings help the continuity of the Georgian character manifest on the inside of the home.
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